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Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology and Applications: Background


Public and private partners are active in the development of hydrogen fuel cell technology and facilitate its use in a sustainable environment. Below are some of the decision-makers active in research, policy-making and technology deployment.

Agencies and Resources of Interest

U.S. Department of Energy 

Alternative Fuels Data Center

Provides data and tools about alternative and renewable fuels and emerging technologies for transportation decision-makers.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technologies Office

Advances hydrogen and fuel cells for transportation and other applications.

Shares information about hydrogen and fuel cell research, development and demonstration projects.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Advocates for the transition to renewable energy and energy-efficiency technologies through research, development, commercialization and deployment.

Provides fuel cell vehicle fueling and component testing for hydrogen storage, compression and dispensing.

Processes and analyzes data for hydrogen and fuel cell applications.

Vehicle Technologies Office 

Promotes research and testing of efficient and sustainable transportation technologies, including alternative fuels.

Provides fuel cell characterization and evaluation in support of this technology.

  • U.S. DRIVE (Driving Research and Innovation for Vehicle efficiency and Energy sustainability)

Develops and deploys emerging hydrogen fuel cell technologies.

Advances affordable transportation fuels and energy-efficient technologies in local communities.

Joint Office of Energy and Transportation

Aligns resources and expertise that support implementation of the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law, signed into law in November 2021 and described as “the largest long-term investment in our infrastructure and economy in our Nation’s history.”

► Data and tools

National Association of State Energy Officials 

Facilitates learning among state energy officials, serves as a resource for and about State Energy Offices, and informs Congress and federal agencies about State Energy Offices' interests. Resources related to hydrogen fuel cell technology include:

California Air Resources Board 

Develops programs and initiatives in response to climate change, including hydrogen fuel cell activities.


National Center for Sustainable Transportation 

Supports environmentally sustainable transportation through research, policy engagement and education.

Transportation Consortium of South-Central States

Addresses regional transportation challenges in Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas.

Center for Alternative Fuels Engines and Emissions 

Works extensively on emissions reduction research, including fuel technologies.

Fuels Institute

Informs industry decision-makers and policymakers about legislation and regulations affecting the fuels and vehicles markets.

National Fuel Cell Research Center

Facilitates the development and use of fuel cell technology and systems, builds alliances to address the challenges associated with the installation and integration of fuel cell systems, and educates stakeholders in the fuel cell community.

Southwest Research Institute

Uses innovative science and technology to benefit the government, industry and the public.


Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Energy Association

Supports the environmental and economic benefits of fuel cell and hydrogen energy technologies to regulators and policymakers.

Hydrogen Forward

Advocates for using hydrogen as a solution in the clean energy transition.


Promotes the commercial introduction and widespread adoption of hydrogen-fueled fuel cell electric vehicles across America, primarily by establishing hydrogen fueling infrastructure.


California Fuel Cell Partnership 

Supports the adoption of hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles.

Hot Topics

Hydrogen Hubs

Federal agencies and state governments are collaborating to develop a domestic hydrogen economy. Funding provided by the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act will be used to develop regional clean hydrogen hub programs through the U.S. Department of Energy. The following regional partnerships have been created or are currently underway:

►  Atlas of Carbon and Hydrogen Hubs

Fourteen potential locations are featured for co-locating carbon capture and hydrogen production in the United States.

H2 Matchmaker

Hydrogen suppliers and users can use this tool to identify opportunities to develop regional hydrogen hubs.

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