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Electric Vehicles: Getting Started

What's in This Guide

Getting Started

Key resources that provide an overview of the topic.


Introductory resources and a summary of key agencies. 

Charging Infrastructure

National and state guidance and research, plus a list of regional partnerships.

Freight, Buses and Fleets

Selected research and guidance, including cost analysis tools and case studies.


Research and webinars examining equitable access, emissions impacts and related issues.

Additional Resources

About the Pooled Fund

Transportation Research and Connectivity logo

The Transportation Research and Connectivity pooled fund study, TPF-5(442), is a consortium of state DOTs and other partners that supports the coordinated development of transportation libraries as well as research organizations without dedicated libraries. Study focus areas include communication and networking, digitization, research report accessibility, and developing online resource guides and a toolkit for non-librarians.

Electric vehicles (EVs) are rapidly becoming commonplace on the nation's roadways, from passenger cars and light-duty fleet vehicles to transit buses and heavy trucks. This guide provides an introduction to electric vehicle issues for transportation agencies, with a focus on building out EV charging infrastructure and on understanding the needs of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles as electrification expands to these vehicle classes.

Selected Resources

EV Planning Fact Sheet for States, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), September 2021.

A summary of the U.S. DOE tools available to help states plan for EV charging infrastructure, including examples of state EV strategies.

Related Resource: Electric Vehicle Basics, U.S. Department of Energy, August 2021.

Federal Funding Is Available for Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure on the National Highway System, Federal Highway Administration, April 2022.

This 16-page brochure outlines funding and financing programs available to help states, tribes, metropolitan planning organizations and others build out electric vehicle chargers along the National Highway System.

Research in Progress

NCHRP Synthesis: Strategies and Programs for Electric Vehicle ChargingNational Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), start date: April 2021.

This synthesis will document current strategies and practices in use by state departments of transportation (DOTs) to facilitate and coordinate the provision and operation of EV charging facilities, including planning for medium- and heavy-duty vehicle charging. Topics include practices for EV charging infrastructure deployment, delineation of operating and maintenance responsibilities, public/private partnerships, procurement and contracting, pricing strategies, planning and prioritizing charging infrastructure, working with utilities, navigating funding complexities, evaluating program effectiveness, providing guidance or technical assistance to local governments, and policies for charging stations along state-owned roadways or in public rights of way.

Recent News

Maps and Tools

Related Resource Guides

Authors and Contributors

This Resource Guide was prepared by CTC & Associates LLC for the Transportation Research and Connectivity pooled fund study, TPF-5(442), under the guidance of the following members of the study's technical advisory committee:

This guide is a living document that is intended to be revised and updated to incorporate new resources. To suggest a resource for inclusion, please contact one of the committee members listed above.

Publication date: November 2021.