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Equitable Access to Transportation Systems: Opportunities


The following resources identify opportunities to increase transit access in underserved communities.

Guidance Sources


“Redefining Car Access: Ride-Hail Travel and Use in Los Angeles,” Journal of the American Planning Association, April 2019.

This report examines the use of ride-hail services beyond their traditional use in urban areas to low-income and rural neighborhoods.





Opportunities for Shared-Use Mobility Services in Rural Disadvantaged Communities in California’s San Joaquin Valley: Existing Conditions and Conceptual Program Development, National Center for Sustainable Transportation, September 2017.

Shared-use mobility services may be a more cost-effective alternative than fixed-route and dial-a-ride transit services in rural communities. A hypothetical comparison of ride-sharing and car-sharing services in San Joaquin Valley, California, suggests these services could significantly reduce transit costs.

Transportation Equity for RITI Communities in Autonomous and Connected Vehicle Environment: Opportunities and Barriers, U.S. Department of Transportation, August 2020.

Autonomous and connected vehicle technology could improve the safety and mobility needs of rural, isolated, tribal or indigenous (RITI) communities. However, insufficient communication infrastructures, smartphone costs and other factors present significant barriers to widespread implementation of these technologies. Five Native American tribes in Idaho discuss these and other barriers.