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Internet of Things in Transportation: Vehicles

Research and other resources address communication and data transmission, as well as safety and security. Also included is a resource that maps the future direction of policy and planning issues related to connected and automated vehicle technologies.


X-CAR: An Experimental Vehicle Platform for Connected Autonomy Research Powered by CARMA conference paperX-CAR: An Experimental Vehicle Platform for Connected Autonomy Research Powered by CARMA, IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), March 2022.

Researchers developed X-CAR (eXperimental vehicle platform for Connected Autonomy Research), an affordable, high-quality hardware, and then implemented the CARMA Platform to increase the platform’s versatility and facilitate its adoption for research and development of connected driving automation.

A Hybrid Platform for Context-Awaqre V2X Communication report coverA Hybrid Platform for Context-Aware V2X Communication, Pacific Northwest Transportation Consortium, U.S. Department of Transportation, January 2022.

A hybrid, context-aware vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication platform incorporates different wireless communication technologies under a unified architecture to expand transportation network capabilities, extend transportation information accessibility and establish a strong interface for the transportation network with other infrastructures.

         ► Related ResourceSupporting data sets

Supporting Transportation System Management and Operations Using Internet of Things TechnologySupporting Transportation System Management and Operations Using Internet of Things Technology, Virginia Department of Transportation, May 2021.

Results of a literature review and survey of transportation professionals evaluated low-power wide area network (LPWAN) technology as an alternative technology for data transmission in multiple transportation applications.  

NCHRP Project 20-24(98): Connected/Automated Vehicle Research Roadmap for AASHTO, National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), 2015.

Researchers identified projects to address policy, planning and implementation issues with connected and automated vehicle technologies and passenger cars, trucks, transit vehicles, emergency vehicles, bicycles, pedestrians and agency fleets.

Related Resource: Project page 

“State and Local Government Make Safer Roads With IoT,” Jen A. Miller, StateTech, September 2019.

Internet of things and other technologies will help state and local transportation agencies improve road conditions and enhance safety.

“IoT Update: DOT Publishes Policy Statement on Automated Vehicles,” Sarah Wilson, Inside Tech Media, Oct. 29, 2018.

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s policy vision statement “embraces automation as a critical tool to improve motor vehicle safety.”

“AutoVAPS: An IoT-Enabled Public Safety Service on Vehicles,” Liangkai Liu, Xingzhou Zhang, Qingyang Zhang, Andrew Weinert, Yifan Wang and Weisong Shi, SCOPE '19: Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on International Science of Smart City Operations and Platforms Engineering, April 2019.

AutoVAPS is a public safety service that integrates body cameras and vehicle sensors to enhance the Video Analysis for Public Safety (VAPS) application commonly used in law enforcement. The service has a three-layer architecture that allows for data management, edge intelligence modeling, and data sharing and access.

Taming the Data in the Internet of VehiclesTaming the Data in the Internet of Vehicles, Mineta Transportation Institute, January 2022.

This report evaluates security vulnerabilities in the internet of vehicles, proposing a deep neural network model with two hidden layers for intrusion detection system architecture. Two commonly used normalization preprocessing techniques are presented.

Related ResourceResearch brief

Automotive Cyber Security magazine cover“Internet of Vehicles, Vehicular Social Networks and Cybersecurity,” Kim Shiho and Rakesh Shrestha, Automotive Cyber Security, 2020.

In this chapter, researchers address security issues in intelligent transportation system, business and smart city applications.

Featured Resources

Connected Vehicle Basics, U.S. Department of Transportation, undated.

This website presents a brief explanation of connected vehicles and their potential benefits, including improved traffic safety, increased transportation options and reduced travel times.

CV Basics fact sheet

CV Basics Facts

Fast facts about connected vehicles are presented along with resources for more information.


Technology and Innovation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, undated.

Resources present information about vehicle-to-vehicle communication, vehicle cybersecurity and the safety benefits of automated vehicles.